Water

environmental commitment

Water Discharges

Water is a good that must be protected, as it is indispensable for survival and development of human beings, essential for life and vital for many activities and industrial processes.

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Water Cycle

Did you know that 97% of water on the planet is salty, concentrated in seas and oceans?

Água

What you should know about water use

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Sustainable balance
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Maintaining a sustainable balance is the goal of the Water Framework Directive, adopted in 2000, which has laid the foundations for a modern, holistic and ambitious water policy for the European Union, in order to ensure sufficient quantities of good quality water in all of Europe.

Public interest good
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The Administration guarantees the use and overall or common enjoyment of water, although there may be authorized private uses, consumptive or not, for the development of services or activities within a General Water Planning to guarantee availability of water for common and private uses.

Control Systems
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The competent authorities establish different control systems at different stages of water use, controlling both uptake and the use and consumption, or contamination caused by discharges and the impact on the quality of the environment.

Water planning

Through the incorporation into our legal system of the Water Framework Directive (WFD), a new approach was assumed in hydrological planning, including aspects of demand and satisfaction, and environmental objectives to achieve “good ecological status” of the waters.

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Water identification
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Water elements:

  • Rivers

  • Reservoirs and water bodies heavily modified

  • Lakes

  • Transitional waters (small rivers and others)

  • Coastal Waters

  • Groundwater (aquifers)

Protected areas

  • Water capture for supply purposes

  • Habitats or species protection

  • Mineral and thermal waters

  • Natural river reservations

  • Protected wetlands

  • Recreational uses and bathing water

Protection and quality of public waters
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Ensure the environmental balance, rational use of water and its sustainability

  • Limitations of land use in flood areas (construction, activities etc.)

  • Use authorizations and concessions

  • Water spills

  • Reuse

Establishment of environmental targets
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The key objective is to safeguard the “Good Ecological Status” of water:

  • Biological indicators

  • Physicochemical indicators

  • Hydro-morphological conditions

  • Ichthyofauna

Water Uses
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The available water is distributed according to priorities and compatibilities:

  • Supply of population

  • Livestock sector

  • Industrial Uses

  • Irrigation

  • Aquaculture

  • Recreational uses, leisure and tourism

  • Navigation and Transport

  • Other uses

De este modo, los Planes Hidrológicos de Cuenca buscan proteger el dominio público y las aguas, en equilibrio con su uso sostenible y base para el desarrollo regional y sectorial.

Los planes hidrológicos son la herramienta fundamental para la gestión del agua, al permitir el equilibrio entre la consecución de los objetivos ambientales y los objetivos de atención a las demandas.

La planificación hidrológica se plantea como un proceso iterativo que se desarrolla cada 6 años. El primer ciclo de planificación cubrió los años 2009-2015, y, actualmente, acaban de aprobarse los Planes Hidrológicos correspondientes al segundo ciclo de planificación, 2016-2021. Los contenidos de los Planes incluyen la definición de las masas de agua, criterios de prioridad y compatibilidad de usos, regímenes de caudales ecológicos y otros requerimientos ambientales, asignación y reserva de recursos, zonas protegidas y régimen de protección, objetivos medioambientales y medidas de protección de las masas de agua.

Se entiende por caudal ecológico al caudal que contribuye a alcanzar el buen estado o buen potencial ecológico en los ríos o en las aguas de transición y mantiene, como mínimo, la vida piscícola que de manera natural habitaría o pudiera habitar en el río, así como su vegetación de ribera.